Ever since the Romans first began to urbanize Londinium in 43 AD towards the borders of the River Thames, London has never for a moment stopped growing. The buildings of the medieval epoch were destroyed by the terrible fire of 1666 and those of Victorian London by the Second World War. And yet this enormous city has conserved its wealth and is marked by a modern and cosmopolitan cultural rhythm.
Begin your route of Londons principal sites on the South bank of the Thames, enjoying spectacular views at a height of 130 meters from the London Eye: the huge monument was constructed in 2000 for the occasion of the new millennium. Then cross the river at Westminster Bridge and you will immediately recognize the emblematic neo-Gothic Big Ben (built in 1834) and Palace of Westminster (whose thousand rooms lodge the Houses of the Parliament). To the other side of Parliament Square dwells the majestic Gothic building of Westminster Abbey, the site of coronations and the burial ground of kings and illustrious personages.
Skirting St. James Park until the Queens residence of Buckingham Palace, allows you to witness the most popular ceremony in London - the changing of the guard. From there you can take a walk through Hyde Park to visit Kensington Palace.
In the center of Trafalgar Square, Nelsons Column, the National Gallery (one of the worlds best museums, with its wonderful collection of art from 13th to 20th century) and the neo-Classical Church of St. Martin in the Fields, are all to be found. Behind the National Gallery, continue to Piccadilly Circus, an animated square filled with luminous posters and a fountain crowned by Eros. And nearby are both the lively commercial district of Soho, and Chinatown, which contains streets of a noticeably Eastern style, distinct among those more typically found in London. From here, the fantastic British Museum on Great Russell Street is easily accessible.
A little removed from the center of London, are Saint Paul's Cathedral (constructed in the 17th and 18th centuries with a spectacular cupola), the Tower of London on Tower Hill (which houses the Crown Jewels) and, crossing the Victorian Tower Bridge, you can observe the Millennium Bridge designed by Sir Norman Foster.